Monday, May 25, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Diabetes is one of the leading chronic causes of deaths in children and adolescentÃ¢â¬â¢s in the United States. Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that is characterized by high levels of glucose in the bloodstream, resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action or even bothÃ¢â¬ (Overview, 1). Ã¢â¬Å"Diabetes is a serious health issue and can be associated with premature death or serious complications. Timely diagnosed treatment of diabetes can delay or prevent any onset of long-term complications, such as damage to blood vessels, kidneys, gums, skin, teeth, and many other complicationsÃ¢â¬ (Overview, 1). Ã¢â¬Å"Diabetes can be difficult to deal with during the time of adolescence. People with diabetes or those who have family members with diabetes should be very well informedÃ¢â¬ (Cho, 1). Ã¢â¬Å"There are many forms of diabetes such as Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, gestational Diabetes and a few others. Type 1 and 2 Diabetes is becoming mor e frequent in children and adolescents. Oklahoma has an overall ranking of a 44 percentile in diabetes from the years 1996-2013Ã¢â¬ (Core, 1). Ã¢â¬Å"According to the published national diabetes fact sheet from 2011, 25.8 million children and adults in the United States of America have diabetes. There are 18.8 million people diagnosed, 7 million people undiagnosed, and approximately 79 million that are pre-diabetic. The ratio of diabetes in children and adolescent, under the age of 20, is about 1 in every 400 children have diabetesÃ¢â¬ (Statistics, 1).Show MoreRelatedThe Health of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders1423 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnon-Hispanic Whites and members of other racial and ethnic groups. NHPI have lower death rates from heart disease, HIV/AIDS and cancer compared to members of other racial and ethnic groups,2 but they have higher mortality rates for certain types of cancer such as stomach and liver. 3 NHPI adults are less likely than non-Hispanic W hites to have a chronic condition (29% vs. 45%), and prevalence rates for any chronic condition are lower in all groups (less than 29%). Across the U.S., the health insuranceRead MoreHow to Live to Be 1001662 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand 6.5 percent of Hispanics were older than 65. The leading causes of death among the elderly are chronic diseases, notably cardiovascular disease and cancer. Other major causes of death include: Chronic respiratory diseases such s emphysema and chronic bronchitis; diseases common among the elderly such as Alzheimers and renal diseases and infectious diseases and injuries. There are continuing disparities in the burden of illness and death experienced by African Americans, Hispanic AmericansRead MoreThe quality of patient-centered care among seniors with diabetes comorbid with concurrent chronic1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesseniors with diabetes comorbid with concurrent chronic conditions 1. Background 1.1 Chronic conditions, aging and multimorbidity Chronic diseases are a significant and growing challenge in Canada. They are the leading cause of death, disability and account for about two thirds of the overall burden of disease (1). According to the Canadian Chief Public Health OfficerÃ¢â¬â¢s Report on the State of Public Health in Canada for 2009, one in four Canadians had at least two concurrent chronic conditions (2)Read MoreIs Diabetes A Chronic Metabolic Disorder?1161 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDiabetes, a chronic metabolic disorder, affects 9.3% of the U.S population. The prevalence is much higher in the population of age 65 or older, reaching 25.9%. It was the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S in 2010, evidenced by a total of 234,051 certificates including both underlying causes and contributing causes. Multiple factors contribute to the development of diabetes, although the exact pathogenesis is still undetermined. Patients with diabetes usually require a lifestyle change, dietRead MoreResearch Paper On Diabetes957 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDiabetes Ã¢â¬â Global trend Modern Medicine has been witnessing serious challenges from four non-communicable diseases (Cardiovascular; Chronic Respiratory conditions; Cancer and Diabetes) which are often associated with unhealthy lifestyle choices (lack of physical activity, smoking, alcohol misuse and unhealthy dietary habits)1. Diseases which were once associated with the first world, have become a global problem. Prevalence of Diabetes has risen to an epidemic proportion and the UK has not been immuneRead MoreUnmet Challenges Of Unmet Health Needs1147 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof having to utilize the hospital services. It would decrease the waiting time for patients that need to be seen at the emergency room and free up ER rooms for true emergencies. Cardiovascular Heart Disease Heart disease and stoke is the leading cause of death in Alpena, Michigan (Michigan Department of Community Health, 2014a). There are three risk factors associated with heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015b). AccordingRead MoreEssay On Breastfeeding932 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageson the same date and that has been the status of the bill since 10:40 AM that morning. Although the bill itself does not mention diabetes mellitus, I decided to focus on this prevalent chronic disease since it is the 7th leading cause of death in this country according to the Center for Disease Control, and it is directly affected by breastfeeding. Prevention of chronic diseases can begin as soon as birth. Infants that are breastfed have stronger immune systems due to their motherÃ¢â¬â¢s antibodies thatRead MoreA Selected Leading Cause Of Death And State Why This Was Chosen1310 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesselected leading cause of death and state why this was chosen. According to the American Liver Foundation, a healthy liver cleans blood, fights infection processes food and stores energy. The liver is able to regenerate itself, but when it becomes too damaged or is prevented from regenerating, it will fail and no longer be able to keep able to keep one alive (2015). Despite its ability to regenerate, chronic liver disease and cirrhosis is the twelfth leading cause of death of death in the UnitedRead MoreDiabetic Nephropathy : The Major Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDiabetic Nephropathy Diabetic nephropathy is one of the major complications of diabetes mellitus. Current statistics suggests that diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease in the United States as well as many other Western societies. It is also reported to be one of the most significant long-term complications in terms of morbidity and mortality for individual patients with diabetes. Diabetes is responsible for 30-40% of all end-stage renal disease (ESRD) cases in the UnitedRead MoreWhat is Renal Failure? Essay619 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagescalcetrol hormones. When the kidneys are unable to perform these functions it causes the kidneys to fail. There are different types of renal failure such as chronic kidney disease which is a slow progression over time and it can go unnoticed for a long time. Acute renal failure occurs suddenly, happening within a few hours or a few days, if not caught in time acute renal failure can be life threatening leading to death. End-stage renal disease the kidneys no longer remove enough waste and fluids
Posted by Elvis York at 2:27 PM
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Jenny McCarthy: model, television host, comedian, actress, author, screen writer, and play boy bunny of the year in 1994 being confident in all of these roles and certainly not being shy about being an active supporter of anti-vaccination. Unfortunately since she claimed vaccinations gave her some autism many celebrities and regular people around the states have followed her words and not getting their child vaccinations. All claiming they would rather have their children sick than vaccinated. Her quote, Ã¢â¬Å"I do believe sadly itÃ¢â¬â¢s going to take some diseases coming back to realize that we need to change and develop vaccines that are safe. If the vaccine companies are not listening to us itÃ¢â¬â¢s their f****** fault that the diseases are coming back. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re making a product thatÃ¢â¬â¢s s***. If you gave us a safe vaccine weÃ¢â¬â¢ll use it. It shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be polio or autism.Ã¢â¬ In other words she and her many followers would rather see their child pot entially die or some very close than risk any chance with autism, which doctors have proven to be false. In 2002 JennyÃ¢â¬â¢s son was born. Three years later he began having seizures eventually going into cardiac arrest. Pbs.org states that after many doctor visits the doctors had told her that he had epilepsy. However her Ã¢â¬Å"mommy instinctsÃ¢â¬ told her that there was something more. She claimed that the Ã¢â¬Å"Epidemic of autism is due to a vaccine injury and/or poor environmental exposures and pesticides.Ã¢â¬ However she has kept her finger pointed at it being doShow MoreRelatedVaccines : The Anti Vaccine Movement1385 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesVaccines save lives; fear endangers them. Vaccinations have been used since the 18th century to cure various deadly diseases, from smallpox to the influenza virus. On a global level, vaccination is one of the few cost-effective medical measures that result in universal benefit. Yet there have always been those opposed to vaccination s because of possible side effects. With the increase in technology and the ability to share ideas in modern society the anti vaccine movement has flourished making theRead MoreThe Effects Of Receiving Vaccinations On Children1619 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHowever, recently there has been controversy regarding alleged side effects of receiving vaccinations, with autism being at the forefront of discussion. A study published by Wakefield in 1998 is what sparked the debate; in the study, Wakefield claimed that the onset of autism was directly correlated with a childÃ¢â¬â¢s measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination (MMR). Since the study was published, a rather large group of anti-vaccine activists have remained vocal and encouraged others to cease vaccinated theirRead MoreThe Main Stakeholders Of Childhood Vaccination1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSECTION 3: MAJOR STAKEHOLDERS In this area of study related to Childhood Vaccination, we will discuss about the major and key stakeholders. These major stakeholders, those influencing and shaping the debate are; Government and Legislators (Policy Makers), Parents, NGOÃ¢â¬â¢s and Lobby Groups. We can also find some least influential stakeholders which do not have as such influence on this issue but they are the one who are most Ã¢â¬Å"affected byÃ¢â¬ group in term of the issue is concerned. These are New-Parents/FutureRead MoreThe Anti Vaccination Movement : Vaccines Are Dangerous Or Ineffective?2514 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesRecently an anti-vaccination movement has sparked a worldwide discussion about both the safety of vaccines and the responsibility of people to vaccinate. Recent outbreaks of preventable diseases have caused both fear and anger from people on both sides of the issue. These same outbreaks have also served to cause significant political tension between those against vaccines, who do not want t heir right to choose compromised, and many proponents of vaccines, who are calling for mandatory vaccinations. VaccinationRead MoreA Report On Biological Knowledge Essay2261 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesof pathogens, and vaccinations are required. Vaccines work by working with the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s natural defence system to reduce the risk of infections largely and develop immunity;  however, despite the science emerging to protect humans from potentially deadly infections, there has been an ongoing vaccine debate for the past three decades, questioning whether or not all New Zealanders should be immunised. By analysing the process of our immune system, the science behind vaccinations and through understandingRead MoreMmr Vaccine Can Cause Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay2192 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesstruck hundreds of thousands of people in the United States each year, mostly children, and tens of thousands of people diedÃ¢â¬ (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases 2). These diseases, today, have mostly been eradicated by the use of vaccinations. Although vaccines are said to reduce t he chance of receiving certain infections or diseases, controversial ideas believe that the MMR vaccine can cause autism spectrum disorder. Autism is a developmental disorder that impairs communication andRead MoreTheory of Homeopathy Essay2378 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesto its patients. Homeopathic is effective for a wide range of ailments such as colds, flu, arthritis, allergies, and sprains to name just a few of the maladies for which there are homeopathic treatments for. But even homeopathys most devoted supporters can not explain why it works, only that it does work. Critics of the homeopathic methods argue that the fundamental ideas behind homeopathy defy the laws of chemistry and physics and that its theory makes no sense in the scientific world. (LangmanRead MoreAcademic Performance of 4ps Pupils6357 Words Ã |Ã 26 Pagesmanagement of Department of Social and Welfare Development (DSWD), the 4Ps is widely known to be the lynchpin of the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s anti-poverty efforts. One of its key interventions is the provision of small cash transfers to mothers, as long as they commit to investing in their children, such as by ensuring their children go to school, as well as get deworming, vaccination and regular health check-ups to name a few other aspects of the program. 4Ps operates in 79 provinces covering 1484 municipalitiesRead MoreNew World Order in Conspiracy Theory13987 Words Ã |Ã 56 Pageson-going plot to achieve world domination throughÃ secret political gatheringsÃ and decision-making processes. Prior to the early 1990s, New World OrderÃ conspiracismÃ was limited to two American countercultures, primarily theÃ militantly anti-government right, and secondarilyÃ fundamentalist ChristiansÃ concerned withÃ end-timeÃ emergence of theÃ Antichrist.Ã Skeptics, such asÃ Michael BarkunÃ andChip Berlet, have expressed concern thatÃ right-wingÃ conspiracy theories about a New World OrderRead MoreLas 432 Research Paper: Gmos20901 Words Ã |Ã 84 Pagesgenetically modified. In late 2012, Proposition 37 was voted on and defeated, blocking the mandatory food labeling of genetically modified product. According to Voters Edge website, (www.votersedge.org) the following screen clipping shows the top five (5) supporters (YES) and opposers (NO) of Proposition 37: Figure 1 - Screen clipping from www.votersedge.com (Maplight, 2012) Currently in the United States, there are no food labeling requirements that force food companies to disclose if the food product
Posted by Elvis York at 8:45 PM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Values are defined as the importance or preciousness of something. A long time ago, around the early 16 century the puritans came to the America they live with the Native Americans and had a set of values they both believed in and lived by. One may not expect to find many similarities between both of these groups, but there are many. The Native Americans were not very different than the Puritans. Native Americans valued many things like religion, family, and the concept of things being balanced. Specifically, they strongly appreciated their family. Puritans similar to the Native Americans, the Puritans were more civilized and valued family, life, religion. Native Americans strongly believed that family and religion were veryÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Religion had a powerful impact on Puritans lives. Many Puritan people had faith in a supreme being, God, and the teachings of his Divine Son, Jesus Christ. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢d assume that if you werenÃ¢â¬â¢t a good Christian they would suffer in hell, but if you were one would be saved by god. An example would be in the sermon Ã¢â¬Å"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry GodÃ¢â¬ the speaker strongly describes about how being a bad Christian has its consequences and the good things that come of being a good Christian. Ã¢â¬Å"Many that were very lately in the same miserable condition that you are in are now in a happy state, with their hearts filled with love to him who has loved them, and washed them from their sins in his own blood, and rejoicing in hope of the glory of God.Ã¢â¬ (152)This explains how they had a strong feeling towards godÃ¢â¬â¢s ways. By being concerned about their relig ious life and being good Christians. Both Native Americans and Puritans have similar values and beliefs like family, religion, and balance in life. For example, in the myth Ã¢â¬Å"The World on the Turtles BackÃ¢â¬ (25) Ã¢â¬Å"In the Sky-World there was a man who had a wife, and the wife was expecting a childÃ¢â¬ This is a Native American myth, and it is describing how there was a god who had his wife pregnant and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s how it relates to the world being made. However in a poem called Ã¢â¬Å"Upon the Burning of Our HouseÃ¢â¬ It states Ã¢â¬Å"I, starting up, the light did the light did spy, And to my God my heart did cry
Posted by Elvis York at 3:41 PM
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Primary Determinant Of The Global Economy? Answer: Introduction Energy is currently the primary determinant of the global economy for both rural and urban populations. Energy is used in driving transport machines, production and manufacturing industries, domestic use such as cooking, heating, etc., urban lighting, and infrastructural development among other essential functions. The history of how energy production has evolved over the years with fossil fuel still remaining the primary producer of the global energy. Curry and Pragasen (2012) denote that the process of economic growth, as well as trends and demands for energy consumption in the society can be traced in large part to a substitution of energy for muscles in performing various activities in the domestic tasks as well as agricultural and industrial sectors. The same study denotes that even most of the pesticides, fertilizers, and herbicides that are successfully used in improved agriculture in the industrialized states are derived from fossil fuel energy sources. For several decades in the energy evolution period, Ma, Xu, and Liang (2017) point out that there has been an increase in the demand for energy in the rural, urban, and global requirement as a result of increase in population, technological advancements in transport, agricultural, and manufacturing industries among other vital sectors. Adams and Bell (2015) denote that the urban areas have experienced a drastic industrial expansion and population growth, factors that have lead to the increase in the energy consumption, its demand, as well as the release of related waste materials. With the global urban population density slightly above 3.5 billion, it is a clear indication that there is a need for alternative energy that is sustainable and affordable to all. On the other hand, the increase in the global energy consumption has come hand in hand with complex challenges to the environment, an aspect that leads to the speculation that the condition may be worse in case drastic measures a re not adopted to resolve the crisis in the future. This is necessary as the availability and easy access of energy is an essential factor that primarily determines the quality of life in the current human settlements. Objectives or scope of the report The primary objective of this paper is to evaluate, examine, and present the general concept of the global energy demand affecting both rural and urban population in developed and developing countries. The paper gives a brief history of the energy production, trend and demands of the energy the society, as well as a speculation of the future challenges and possible changes that are likely to be adopted in dealing with the energy crisis and the challenges are causes to the environment. The paper hence evaluates on the future of global energy, its evolution with the technological innovations and urban changing demands, as well as challenges that are faced by the rural and urban population when it comes to the maintenance of a constant energy supply. Energy sustainability factors History of energy implementation In their study on the history of energy implementation, Curry and Pragasen (2012) point out that before the industrial revolution, human productivity heavily depended on their labor as well as the amount of work that could be obtained from using domestic animals. However, the study also denotes that the industrial revolution led to the implementation of the rapid application of various energy powered devices that lead to the increase in human productivity. During the decades, industrial revolution resulted in the continued trend all across most of the century resulting in great records of human productivity. On the other hand, Adams and Bell (2015) points out that there are developing countries that have not adopted a complete adoption and transition in both industrial and agricultural industrial revolution still heavily depends on non-commercial energy sources. The same study denotes that more than 85% of the rural supply of energy originates from the non-commercial energy sources. However, very little studies have documented the consumption pattern of rural energy in different facets such as lighting, heating, cooking, transport, and agriculture among other essential use energy aspects. As a result, more studies are required on the bid of shading more light on the energy-use patterns to effectively assess the energy requirements in the rural settlements. The global crisis on energy supply coupled with threats from environmental sustainability issues such as global warming, climate change, and depletion of natural resources has to lead to an increase in demand for energy. In a systematic review, Ma, Xu, and Liang (2017) point out that the crisis has led to the increase in demand for a responsible consumption for both the developing and the developed countries. The same study denotes that the urban energy transmissions from renewable power to fossil fuel are not sufficient for the global energy demand that is expected to rise by 65% to 80%. It, therefore, means that ensuring a healthy, viable, and environmentally sound future, the world requires a new industrial revolution where revolution is fueled by accessible, affordable, and sustainable energy resources. In the bid of reducing environmental impacts resource inputs, some developing and developed are already successfully managing to decouple economic growth from the high demand energy consumption. Chen et al. (2016) point out that this has been achieved by closing the production in the energy loop such as the recapture of released heat for generating power. Decarbonization of energy sources, as well as the desire of achieving effective energy conservation and efficiency, is hence considered essential factors to this revolution process. Even though fossil fuel-based energy generation still plays a primary role in cities, ///// points out that there is an increase in the substantial share of sustainable energy as the best choice of progressing in achieving efficient energy production and consumption. For instance, the share of fossil fuels in cities remains substantial even though they tend to employ co-generation as well as distinct heating that adopt high energy efficiency. Evolution with the technological innovations and urban changing demands Over the past 20 years, Pallav, and Sashaank (2013) point out that the urban areas have experienced a drastic expansion and growth, factors that have lead to the increase in the energy consumption. The same study denotes that currently, the urban population density has grown to a capacity of 3.5 billion that is approximated to be half of the global population with a projected increase of over 5 billion in the urban population by 2050 (Figure 1). Most of the developing countries are currently undergoing rapid changes from the traditionally rural to urban-based economies as a result of the transformation they experience due to their urbanizing populations. In a systematic study, Han and Baek (2017) denote that even though the urbanization extent in the developing countries differ in space and magnitude, the biggest challenge is stabilizing a growing hunger for the constant bridge of access to secure energy supplies. Other aspects include minimizing the degradation of the environment, e nhancement of human health and livelihood, empowerment and equity, as well as crafting new directions of technological development. Figure 1: The projected increase in global population a prediction of increase in demand (Pallav, and Sashaank 2013) According to Adams and Bell (2015), the implementation of renewable energy strategies in both rural, urban, and city environments is rapidly becoming energetically imperative in the global atmosphere. In other words, making the transition involves making sure it is cost effective beneficial, and sustainable for development and not only switching the energy source. On the other hand, the rural economy in subsistence as the rural industrial structure is often more labor intensive than energy intensive. In such case, Curry and Pragasen (2012) denote that is it is the domestic use accounting for the greatest share of primary consumption of energy. Future of the global energy After the exploration of the global population and commercial energy progress, Park (2012) denotes that the world is currently facing an urgent energy call challenge. There are more concerns on how to balance the global energy crisis and sustainability requirements to ensure an affordable, secure, and sustainable with the pressing climate change issues. Droege (2008) denotes that simply burning oil, coal, and gas is no longer a solution to the global need for energy. With countries such as the UK and Japan becoming even more reliant on imported fossil fuels as well as a surge in the rural and urban energy demand from developing economies, there is a need of response with a new wave of energy generation. It should be able to help in ensuring secure energy use without compromising the environment in any manner. Figure 2: Projected increase in energy demand In a systematic study, Chu and Majumdar (2012) assert that there is a clear sign in the climate indicators that the planet is as hot as never before with an increasing temperature rate of alarming speed within the past 1300 years. As sea levels rise, ice sheets are losing between 25 to 55 cubic miles of mass annually while the number of extreme weather incidents in on the rise due to excessive emission of carbon dioxide. As a result, governments and federal states around the globe, as well as environmentalists, are advocating for the need of prioritizing on low carbon generation in the global energy mix as pointed out by Lund (2012). For instance, the European Commission published a 20 20 by 2020 package in 2008 with the aim of setting out aggressive targets of cutting the EUs greenhouse gas release by 20% as at 2020. It is also aimed at increasing the percentage of the final consumption of energy from the available renewable energy to 20%. These targets were put in place as a positi ve step towards achieving an industry with strong low carbon energy with the aim of a reduction in the negative impact energy creates to the environment. With the implementation of such strategies, there will be a slowdown in the increase of greenhouse gas emission from energy use. It is hence a responsibility of every government to ensure that they adopt such policies for every energy consuming industry within their jurisdiction even though the strategy is not fast enough to timely meet the safe carbon goals. Purohit, Pallav, and Sashaank (2013) also point out that the primary solution to energy related complications in the environment is achieving low carbon energy by adopting technologies such as wind energy and tidal power. In the end, there is a high chance of turning around the current and any possible future energy crisis and the pressure on the environment that is currently affecting the planet. Such alternative energy sources are predictable as their use can be safe, reliable, and infinite. Challenges of maintaining a constant supply of energy In most developing countries, most of the economic conditions are such that majority of the global population depends primarily on non-commercial fuels since they are poor as pointed out by Droege (2008). The financial challenges of people below the poverty line force them to use cow-dung cake and fuel wood which are the cheapest and most easily available sources of fuel they can access. In the process, excessive exploitation of forests and fertilizers have to lead to the depletion of these natural resources resulting in environmental degradation that results in the reduction in soil productivity. In support of this assertion, Chu and Arun (2012) denote that oil importing countries, the oil-based commercial fuels cannot easily be accessed by both low- and middle-income families. In the urban sectors, the excessive use of energy wastes such as greenhouse gases produced by different industries is blamed as the primary causes of global warming and climate change, an aspect that has become a global crisis as pointed out by Curry and Pragasen (2012). Having a safe and healthy environment in the future hence requires the global stakeholders to recommend strategies that can be adopted to ensure sustainability of energy is restored in addition to controlling other energy related factors such as global warming, pollution, conservation of natural resources, and sustained peak oil production. Conclusion With the increase in the global population, there is a resulting increase in the energy demand for both rural and urban consumption across the globe. At the same time, energy consumption has proven to be environmentally destructive due to increased global temperatures resulting from excessive emission of greenhouse gases. Adopting solution strategies hence requires the government to ensure legislative moves that will ensure every consumer; especially the urban industries adopt measures that can limit the production of the greenhouse gases as possible. References Adams, C., Bell, S. (2015). Local energy generation projects: assessing equity and risks.Local Environment,20(12), 1473-1488. doi:10.1080/13549839.2014.909797 Chen, P., Chen, S., Hsu, C., Chen, C. (2016). Modeling the global relationships among economic growth, energy consumption and CO2 emissions.Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews,65420-431. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2016.06.074 Chu, S, Arun M (2012). Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy future.Nature, 488, (August), pp. 294-303. Available fromhttps://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v488/n7411/full/nature11475.html. Chu, S., Majumdar, A. (2012). Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy future.Nature,488(7411), 294-303. doi:10.1038/nature11475 Curry, N Pragasen, P. (2012). Biogas prediction and design of a food waste to energy system for the urban environment.Renewable Energy, vol. 41 (May), pp. 200-209. Droege, P. (2008).Urban Energy Transition: From Fossil Fuels to Renewable Power. Oxford: Elsevier Ltd. Global Energy Consumption Industry Profile. (2017).Energy Consumption Industry Profile: Global, 1-40. Han, D., Baek, S. (2017). Status of renewable capacity for electricity generation and future prospects in Korea: Global trends and domestic strategies.Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews,761524-1533. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.193 Lund, P. (2012). Large-scale urban renewable electricity schemesIntegration and interfacing aspects.Energy Conversion and Management,vol. 63 (November), pp. 162172. Ma, H., Xu, S., Liang, Y. (2017). Global optimization of fuel consumption in J2 rendezvous using interval analysis.Advances In Space Research,59(6), 1577-1598. doi:10.1016/j.asr.2016.12.032 Park, J. J. (2012). Fostering community energy and equal opportunities between communities.Local Environment,17(4), 387-408. doi:10.1080/13549839.2012.678321 Purohit, I., Pallav P., Sashaank, S. (2013). Evaluating the potential of concentrating solar power generation in North-western India.Energy Policy, vol. 62, pp. 157-175.
Posted by Elvis York at 5:48 PM
Saturday, April 11, 2020
To Kill A Mocking Bird And Prejudice Prejudice is a many faced demon which comes in many shapes and disguises. The point that it often goes ignored or unnoticed and shows up in the most unlikely places is what makes it an even more dangerous thing. This is extremely evident in the novel ?To Kill A Mockingbird'. The first sign of prejudice in the novel is shown by the Finch children regarding Arthur (Boo) Radley. They see him as a type of monster or a ?malevolent phantom' as Scout so aptly put it. Any small crimes which were committed in Maycomb were said to be his work. At night when the moon was down, he went and peeped in windows. When people's azealea's froze in a cold snap, it was because he breathed on them. Even the children were affected by all these rumours, they refused to touch the pecans when the trees from the Radley place dropped into the school yard- according to them Radley pecans would kill you. All of this could be attributed to their prejudice against Boo, just because he never came out of his house to or socialised with outsiders, people just made up all these rumours about him as a reason for why he stayed inside. The next type of prejudice shown in the book is class prejudice. It is unconsciously shown by Scout as well as a few of her compatriots on her first day at school. They attributed certain qualities to each family in Maycomb and expected these traits to be hereditary. For example the reason which Scout gave as to why Walter refused the quarter which Miss Fisher offered was because "he's a Cunningham" and the reason why Burris was so dirty and impudent was, as far as the children were concerned, was because "He's one of the Ewells". This shows the complacent way in which they treat class prejudice in Maycomb, in Maycomb it is just taken for granted, no questions asked. In fact the children, in stating these characteristics of the Cunninghams and Ewells did not even realise that they were being prejudiced, they had just been brought up that way. Later, when Jem invited Walter to tea and Scout criticised his table manners, Cal and Atticus were not pleased at all. Cal scolded Scout roundly by saying that Walter was ?company' and that he could eat whatever way he wanted. When Scout retaliated by saying that Walter was not ?company' that he was just a ?Cunningham', Cal did not let that serve as an excuse for her humiliating him. In this way, Cal tried to stop Scout from gaining the class prejudice of Maycomb and to treat all people equally. Racial prejudice against Negroes are shown with regard to Dolphus Raymond and Tom Robinson. Dolphus Raymond is considered to be a type of oddball in Maycomb, because he is a white man yet prefers to live with the Negroes. In town, he has a reputation for being a drunkard, but he tells the children that that was just in pretence. Actually, he is a very sensitive man who loathes the society which makes blacks and whites live separately and hates the "hell white people give coloured folks, without even stopping to think that they're people, too". Tom Robinson is found guilty of raping of Mayella Ewell, in the face of very strong suspicion that his accusers are lying. One reason he was convicted was because it was a white man's word against a black man's one, and in Maycomb, a white man's word was always taken without any regard as to how trustworthy he was. I think the other reason he was convicted was because he went against the accepted position of a Negro by daring to feel sorry for a white person. All these prejudices are a result of people holding on to preformed ideas of a certain set of people. It is not just racial prejudice which is present in Maycomb but the narrow, rigid, intolerant codes of behavior which the townspeople wish to impose on others. These prejudices all show the inability of the people to, as Atticus puts it, "consider things from his point of view" and the lack of understanding between them.
Posted by Elvis York at 2:48 AM
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
North and South essays The first two reading selections for Economics 344 make some notable observations about the growth and development of budding economies. In Engerman and Sokoloffs chapter entitled Factor Endowments, Institutions, and Differential Paths of Growth Among New World Economies, the authors compare the economic growth levels of the North American colonies to those of Latin American colonies. Then, in Tracking the Economic Divergence of the North and the South, Peter Coclanis notes the different economic paths taken by these two distinct regions of the United States. Overall, these two essays are similar in nature they make similar comparisons across two regions using similar criteria. The readings, however, differ drastically in their subject matter and in the scope of the comparisons. In the first reading, Stanley Engerman and Kenneth Sokoloff attempt to explain what factors contributed to the different levels of economic development between the North American colonies and the Latin American colonies. They hypothesize that the United States and Canada were able to sustain economic growth due to factor endowments that were superior to those of Central and South America. Endowments such as climate, soil, and density of the native population, they say, predisposed certain colonies to accomplishing economic growth. Institutions and government policies such as land policies and trade regulations were also significant determining factors, but less so than factor endowments. After comparing the prosperous colonies to the less prosperous, the authors then briefly state differences within the United States colonies as far as economic growth is concerned. Numerous differences in the economic patterns of the North and the South are pointed out indeed, in many ways t he South resembled those colonies that became less successful. Despite these distinctions, in the end, the authors conclude tha...
Posted by Elvis York at 1:55 AM
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Being Apple Steve Jobs - Essay Example Though Jobs did not express command-and-control leadership style, though he is known to have been quite abrasive, he does take accountability for AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s success by modelling his behaviours against very high standards and then visibly trying to live up to them. Charismatic attitude and inspiration for the rest of the organisational culture is where Jobs maintains transformational leadership style. This style is about building a harmonious, dedicated organisation through ethical behaviours and social charisma. By establishing AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s vision to be revolutionary and innovative, he uses his personality as a means to gain support and dedication to achieving greatness for the company. His rock star-modelled speeches at Apple conventions is another aspect of his transformational leadership style that defies the norms of business and puts the company as a leader in change management. JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ leadership style can be analysed using many different leadership templates, such a s change management, innovation management, and many other qualitative tools associated with management theory. Jobs is a people-centred individual when it comes to their autonomous roles at Apple, thus empowering individuals through transformational interactions. Jobs also utilises the public relations word-of-mouth about Apple values, vision and principles as a means to measure his leadership style as a benchmark against other companies that follow these same leadership standards. His transformational leadership style is evident in nearly all of his values and beliefs and how he goes about representing them in all of his interactions with subordinate employees and peers. He even looks to the external markets for opinion and better labour to ensure that the company is equipped to handle ongoing change, another factor that drives transformational style. Jobs should be considered a benchmark for transformational style by other company leaders. Jobs and culture His style can be compar ed to other companies that have more rigid, centralized hierarchies of control where information is disseminated from the top layers without much employee feedback or innovation involvement. Steve JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ leadership style transcends the normal business structure which builds a better organisational culture. Even though he provides an informal and innovative-minded environment to empower his managers and employees, he still maintains strict standards by which employees must live up to. They are either rewarded for their successes or punished (a transactional approach) if they fail to meet his performance standards. This is somewhat duplicitous, a blend of transformational and transactional leadership that is contingent on success. The freedoms he provides, such as casual dress and environments where free movement is tolerated, build more dedication and loyalty to meeting performance and innovation goals. Jobs is able to build a positive organisational culture by taking personal accountability for actions and then applying these same standards to everyone else. Jobs, himself, recognises that his standards include firing individuals who do not meet up to Apple performance obligations, however humanely. This shows that even though individuals experience these considerable
Posted by Elvis York at 4:19 PM